Veins are blood vessels that carry the blood to and from all parts of the body. Alongside the walls of a vein are valves that function like curved doors and are spaced at certain intervals. These one-way valves help the blood to move through the veins and combat the force of gravity. These valves open as the blood flows though the veins, and then they close to prevent the blood from flowing backward.
Healthy valves close tightly. On the other hand, unhealthy valves do not close completely, allowing blood to flow backward and pool inside the vein, causing the vein to dilate, swell and expand abnormally. This leads to the discoloration of the veins and a serious medical condition known as a venous disease. The different types of venous diseases include thrombophlebitis, venous stasis, varicose veins, and spider veins.
Venous diseases can affect anyone. However, women are more susceptible to having vein discolorations or diseases than men. These diseases can also be hereditary. Other causes of vein discoloration or disease include extreme height, pregnancy, obesity, and age. Also, people with jobs that entail standing up for long periods are more likely to develop venous diseases. Furthermore, vein discoloration is common to people who have had a venerable illness that requires inactivity and bed rest, a baby, and a surgery. It is also more likely to occur in older individuals.
Venous diseases may be diagnosed by history and physical exams, inspection of the legs, testing the venous system with venograms and venous imaging, and ultrasound imaging to examine the blood flow inside the vein.
Are there any treatment methods for Vein Discoloration?
Treatment for vein discoloration or disease can range from a simple outpatient procedure to various types of surgeries depending on the severity of the vein disorder. These treatments help treat and prevent complications, relieve discomfort and pain, and eliminate or minimize the vein discoloration. Some treatments also require hospitalization such as an active deep vein thrombophlebitis treatment.
There are also various blood-thinning medications prescribed after a certain treatment that come along with using support stockings, moist and warm compress, leg elevation, and bed rest. It is also not advisable to massage the affected area as it may cause dislodging of the clot. Some treatments can also be done at home such as short-term bed rest, moist and warm compress, and leg elevation.
Some basic treatments for vein discoloration include not wearing constrictive clothing; losing weight if needed; avoiding prolonged standing; walking and swimming; elevating the legs periodically; wearing support stockings or elastic bandages; and frequent and conscientious skin care. Some treatments may also require taking in medications like diuretics for swelling caused by fluid retention and antibiotics for infections.
Tips on Improving the Color of Your Veins
Moreover, there are some tips that one can take to improve the color of their veins. These tips can also be used to prevent any vein disorder.
- Stay active and maintain a regular exercise regimen to improve blood circulation.
- Avoid legs and feet injury. If an injury is incurred, make sure to treat it correctly and consult a doctor.
- Check any blister, crack, or discoloration that may appear on the legs or feet as it may be a sign of a vein disorder.
- Choose an appropriate clothing. Avoid wearing tight clothes or shoes as they restrict the body's blood circulation.
- Do not smoke. This narrows the veins and restricts blood circulation.