After Sclerotherapy Treatment

After Sclerotherapy Treatment

Sclerotherapy is a noninvasive dermatological procedure that removes spider veins and sometimes varicose veins by injecting a solution comprised of saline, sodium sulfate and polidocanol. Spider "capillaries" have damaged inner walls that restrict the normal circulation of blood through the vessels. When blood flow slows and pools in blood vessels, the characteristic bluish color of damaged vessels emerges, creating a web-like effect that crisscrosses affected areas. However, once the mostly saline solution is introduced into capillaries, they experience a chemically induced slow-death that essentially causes them to deteriorate until the body is able to safely absorb them. This type of cosmetic procedure is fairly quick and painless treatment that not only reduces the appearance of unsightly spider "webs" across the backs of the legs and face but also alleviates the aching and cramping that sometimes accompanies damaged blood vessels and varicose veins.

Post Recovery Care

Post-recovery generally presents little to no complications when patients follow the advice of their doctors. Aftercare involves patients engaging in the following techniques to facilitate recovery:

  • Taking a 30 minute or longer walk or riding a bicycle each day to enhance blood flow and reduce the risk of blood clots forming in treated areas.
  • Avoiding vigorous physical activity for the first 14 days of recovery, such as running or participating in weight training exercises. Yoga is an activity highly beneficial to the recovery process of a sclerotherapy patient.
  • Cleaning injection sites with lukewarm water and mild soap. Some people experience sensitivity around the areas of skin that were injected with the saline solution so avoid harsh, antibacterial soaps. Additionally, itching may bother more people than others but avoid scratching injection sites that have healed and scabbed over. Also, your doctor may advise you not to take hot baths for two to three days following treatment.
  • Avoiding exposure to the sun, tanning beds or bronzing creams that give "fake" tans for two days after the procedure. Patients exposed to ultraviolet rays after receiving a sclerotherapy have been known to experience skin discolorations that did not fade.
  • Patients who experience discomfort after the procedure should avoid taking NSAIDS or aspirin due to the risk of possible bleeding or excessive bruising. Your doctor will probably tell you to take acetaminophen if you have a problem with pain or soreness.
  • Wearing compression stockings for several weeks after the procedure reduces the chance of patients suffering pain, swelling or hyperpigmentation. Medical stockings that offer around 30 mmHg of pressure are preferable over "fashion" medical stockings that do not offer sufficient pressure to prevent pain and swelling.
  • Avoiding prolonged periods in which you must sit or stand without the ability to stimulate the circulatory system by moving around, walking or performing chair exercises with the legs.

Patients who have experienced a trouble-free recovery will not need to see their doctor until a month has elapsed and the procedure has had a chance to produce visible results. In situations where the patient is not satisfied with the results, it is safe to have another procedure done about six to eight weeks after the first treatment was completed.